Before we dive into simplifying exponents, let's take some time to learn exactly what an exponent is. An exponent is a superscript,
or small number written at the top right corner of a number, variable, or set of parentheses. An example of one is shown
below.

2^{3}

This tells you to multiply 1 by the number as many times as the exponent says.
The example above is 2 raised to the third power (raised to the third power
means the exponent is 3). This is equivalent to the multiplication problem below, because there is a 1 multiplied by 2 three
times.

1 * 2 * 2 * 2

8

As you can see, the 1 * 2 * 2 * 2 can be simplified to 8 which is the answer to the problem. The next page will walk through
another example.